#4 / 2010
Formation and development of concept “a language composition” and its kinds
The paper provides a description of development and the analysis of concept “a language composition” in fiction texts and in the author’s image as the major and leading phenomena of the text which were fixed historically and traditionally in the world literature. The text is a reflection of reality, and the reality comprehension will define its further development, including features of construction of a language composition of the text.
“Somebody’s /other’s” in the Russian-language Chechen literature
The paper characterizes “the image of the country” and “the image of the people” as the key concepts of reception and representation of somebody’s world and the world of others in the conceptual device of imagology. After consideration of features of recent national literary process the author gives the characteristic of work of U.Laudaev, the Chechen educator of the 2nd half of the 19th century, “The Chechen Tribe”, intended for a wide range of Russian readers. This paper provides also the statements of A.Sheripov, who is one of the first who connected the tradition of artistic cultures of the European and Chechen people. The specific analysis of fragments of his works in comparison to texts of Russian classics is given. It is inferred that imagology as the branch of humanitarian knowledge possesses the potential corresponding to the general processes of globalization.
Refraction of a genre of life in novels “Idiot” by F.M.Dostoevsky and “Doctor Zhivago” by B.L.Pasternak
The comparative analysis of novels “Idiot” and “Doctor Zhivago” shows their similarity to a life genre in the basis of which is the description of the saint’s life. Protagonists of compositions are an embodiment of Christian morals, but they prove to be incomprehensible to everybody around them. Motives of estrangement, wandering, road, etc. testify to presence of elements of life in the novels.
The brothers Grimm in development of the German mythology
The paper examines revival and reconstruction of the German mythology by the brothers Grimm. The work purpose is to prove that the romanticism as a literary direction of the end of the 18th - the beginning of the 19th century has drawn attention to myths and folklore. This has allowed the author to give a new estimation to German romanticists in treatment of this point in question.
Turgenev and Kalambiy. On an interrelation of artistic-esthetic systems
The paper provides the detailed analysis of a story of Kalambiy “On a hill”. The author compares it to “Notes of the Hunter” of Turgenev written in traditions of “a physiological sketch”, extended in the mid-1840s – the beginning of the 1850s. Typological features of this genre are described. The analysis allows the author to draw a conclusion on their strongly pronounced ideological-thematic, composite and stylistic similarity.
The spiritually-moral contents of “small” prose on a modern theme in the Adyghe literature of the 1980-2000s.
The paper examines esthetic features of “small” prose on a modern theme in the Adyghe literature of the 1980-2000s. In the course of the philological analysis ways of artistic realization of a modern theme and creation of many-sided characters of personages are revealed. As a result of research spiritually-esthetic directions and genre-structural preferences of Adyghe modern prose are defined. The author comes to a conclusion that the Adyghe literature ascends to a qualitatively new level of the development.
Christmas theme in Wilkie Collins's creativity
The paper defines the role and value of Christmas theme in creativity of English writer W.Collins. The primary goal of research is the analysis of Christmas text interpretations and revealing a complex of genre-forming elements – types of plots, archetypes and images. Collins continues traditions of “Christmas” prose of Dickens. However, he not only glorifies Christmas as a great holiday of a family and human values, but also expands thematic frameworks of the story. Sensational nature, entertaining and dramatic nature are in a basis of his “Christmas” narration.
Creative person of A.T.Gubin (As shown by the materials of letters, memoirs, essays and interviews)
Separate lines of A.T.Gubin’s creative individuality are revealed on the basis of a material of his epistolary and publicist works and memoirs about him. Features of creative process and literary work and relations with colleagues are considered. The obtained material shows that Gubin-creator was an original writer, who was characterized by great working capacity, complete creative self-return and by high self-appraisal.
On evolution of a method and features of realism of the 20th century
The paper characterizes social and historical conditions and theoretical sources of the literature of the 20th century which have influenced evolution of a method. Typological features of classical realism are disclosed. The special attention is given to a historicism principle. After consideration of a crisis of the naive historicism caused by new realities, the various modifications of realism which were extended in the newest time are given, namely: realism of the 20th century, socialist realism and magic realism.
Collectivization theme in the story “My Friend Momich” by K.D.Vorobyev
The paper deals with the story of the well-known Russian writer K.Vorobyev “My Friend Momich”. Analyzing this work, the author marks its high artistic advantages and civic courage of K.Vorobyev who was one of the first writers in the Soviet literature who has shown collectivization in village as an extraordinary complicated, inconsistent process which was accompanied by the numerous negative events, reflected both on destinies of village, and on destinies of Russian peasants.
Genre specificity of Kalmyk national riddles
In the paper, one of the poor studied genres of Kalmyk folklore – riddles – is considered. An attempt is undertaken to define features of their genre specificity, thematic originality, informative importance, features of functioning, as well as of poetics and style. Results of the complex analysis demonstrate that their style corresponds to aphoristic genres of the Mongolian-speaking people. At the same time it is characterized by a unique national originality.
F.B. Beshukova, B.A. Meretukova
Linguoculturological aspect of functioning of the media text in a modern information society
The purpose of this study is systematization of the foreign theories of the text and an attempt to adapt them to the analysis of specificity of the media text. A methodological basis of the work is the linguoculturological approach, which allowed the authors to realize the problems of multidimensional research of the language and structure of the journalistic text. The urgency of this work is proved by novelty of the theme, its poor study and by insufficient degree of theorization and systematization of a publicistic discourse.
Treatment of the Caucasian War in English press and in memoirs of the 1830-1850s
The purpose of this work is to examine treatment of the events taken place in the Caucasus in the 1830 – 1850s in the British press and in memoirs of English authors who have appeared to be eyewitnesses of military operations in Zakubanye. For this purpose, the author investigated tendencies in treatment of the Russian policy in the Caucasus in the English periodical press of that time and features of interpretation of the facts in James Bell's memoirs, etc. As a result, the conclusions are drawn on specificity of giving information on the Caucasus in periodicals of the Great Britain and on activity of the English emissaries who have induced mountain tribes to conduct armed actions against Russia.
Realization of new functions of journalism in the state mass-media
In the paper, the author suggests to go over a system of functions of journalism again and add a new image function. Technologies of realization of new functions of journalism are described, including positioning, a manipulation, a mythologization, visualization, detailed elaboration and a format. The conclusions made by the author, will be useful to journalists of the official printing and electronic mass-media reflecting a state policy of the federal center, regions and local territories, the activity of social institutes and all branches of the power for the purpose of effective advancement of information priorities and formation of positive image of objects of the state political marketing.
Typology of the journal periodical press of Adygheya Republic in the conditions of information field
The purpose of the paper is to study the journal space of Adygheya Republic. The primary goal is to reveal typological features of the new type of journal “Literary Adygheya”. To characterize it we introduce a definition “an informative journal”. As a result of the analysis of a current state of the regional journal press the basic tendencies and prospects of its further development are given.
John Caldwell Calhoun and journalistic polemic on the eve of the Civil War in the USA
The paper considers problems related to journalistic polemic between proponents and opponents of slaveholding in the USA on the eve of the Civil War. The author presents historical background and analyzes one of the program texts of southerners – “Speech of slavery” by John Caldwell Calhoun.
Publicistic discourse as a methodological construct
The paper is devoted to research of a publicistic discourse as a methodological construct. The author considers specificity of a methodological substantiation of a publicistic discourse and defines concepts “a pragmatic context” and “a pragmatic interpretation” as dominants of a publicistic discourse.
Specificity of transformation of satirical creativity of Alexander Amfiteatrov
The purpose of this work is to analyze stages of formation of satirical skill of Alexander Amfiteatrov – from the satirical magazine “Alarm clock” to the Parisian oppositional magazine “The Red Banner”. For this goal it was necessary to solve a number of problems: to investigate the Tiflis period of creativity of Amfiteatrov and his work as a correspondent of Suvorin’s” “New time”, as well as his flying up related to the publication of the feuilleton “Mr. and Mrs. Obmanov” published in the newspaper “Russia” in 1902, which has glorified him. As a result, in the paper, the author shows specificity of creative activity of Alexander Amfiteatrov and transformation of his political views.
Genre-forming factors of the modern media text: a verification problem
The paper is devoted to research of a problem of expediency of the so-called “washing out orthodox genre borders” of the modern media text within the limits of achievement of effective correlation “sender-addressee”. In the paper, the author examines specificity of the displayed dialectic unity of influencing and information functions of the media text and defines concepts of contact establishing, appelative, address and identifying installations of the media text.
Specificity of understanding a syntagma and syntagmatic relations in phraseology
The paper is devoted to definition of a syntagma and syntagmatic relations of phrasemes. The research objective is to reveal distinctions between general linguistic and phraseological understanding a syntagma and syntagmatic relations. Specific features of use of these concepts in phraseology include accent on internal syntagmatics, interconditionality of internal and external syntagmatics, the unity of the syntagmatic analysis and synthesis, substantial interpretation of syntagmatic synthesis etc.
A utilitarian value component in German and Russian phraseology
The purpose of research is to study specificity of utilitarian appraisal semantics in idioms in the Russian and German languages. The objectives of research are to determine a place and a role of utilitarian appraisal component in structure of idioms; to reveal idioms with the value of utilitarian appraisal and to establish their semantics, features and properties. Scientific novelty of research is related to defyning specificity of utilitarian appraisal in phraseology.
Properties of speech communication in families of different types
The paper addresses specific features of speech interaction in three simple families (urban, rural, and mixed), which constitute a complex family. The purpose of work is studying dialogue in families of different types in terms of speech tactics used by members of the family, ways of their realization and language means of expression. Based on the analysis of most frequent speech tactics and their linguistic manifestations, common and unique features of speech behavior in these families are determined.
Comparative characteristics of semantic content of English and Russian paroemias representing the concept “learning” (on the basis of English and Russian paroemias of the thematic group “teaching”)
An attempt is undertaken to comparatively analyze English and Russian paroemias which demonstrate the difficulties in teaching and getting knowledge. In the paper, the keywords of the compared paroemias are analyzed according to their etymological characteristics. As a result of the comparison of English and Russian paroemias their similarities and differences in terms of expression of a teaching process are revealed.
On the grammatical means of actualization of values of irreal modality in the Ingush language
The paper solves a new problem of types of oblique mood in the Ingush language. A new list of grammemes of oblique moods in Ingush is offered: yussiv, gortativ (inclusive, exclusive – optative), dezidirative, conjunctive etc. The connection of oblique mood and the mood of epistemic modality is shown.
B.M. Bersirov, T.B. Bersirov
Linguistic aspects of functions of the language in the course of the moral youth education
Social changes, which occur in Russia since 1991, have made negative impact on spiritually-moral sphere of a society, on conditions of the use of Russian in oral and written speech. Thus, the spiritual and moral education of youth becomes more actualized with a view of formation of the higher moral values, as well as qualities of the patriot and the defender of the Native land The scientific approach of occurring changes leans against a number of positions of pedagogy, psychology, linguistics and political science since not only subject activity, but also ideological and political and social and psychological influence on the person is very important in developing moral demands in the speech communication which define the goal of development of moral values.
Fragment of lexical-semantic field of a verb in speech of younger pupils
The paper examines the structure and quantitative-qualitative specificity of a fragment of lexical-semantic field of the verb presented in written speech of younger pupils. Special attention is given to semes of action, state and relation.
Semantic functions of a dative case in the Agul language
In the paper, an attempt is undertaken to reveal and describe semantic-syntactic features of a dative case on the basis of a material of nominal word combinations of the Agul language, representing texts of different genres. This study is made since in the Agul language, as well as in other Daghestan languages, semantic functions of cases are investigated insufficiently. Basically researchers pay attention to classification of grammatical and local (locative) cases and features of their shape formation.
A category of assertion in simple sentence of the Russian modern language
The paper discusses the basic approaches in studying a category of the assertion in a simple sentence of the Russian modern language from the philosophical, linguistic, logic and psycholinguistic points of view. The attention is focused on importance of the designated category for theoretical and practical linguistics. The main expressive means of this category are singled out at lexical, morphological (substantives, adjectives, pronouns, numerals, adverbs, participles, verbs, modal word, words of category state, parenthetic word, onomatopoeias, particle) and syntactic levels of the Russian modern literary language.
F.N. Guketlova, F.A. Berbekova
Metaphorical nomination of concept “beauty” in different linguocultures
The paper continues studies of concept “beauty”. The purpose of the paper is to reveal ethnocultural specificity of concept “beauty” in the Kabardian-Circassian, Russian and French language world-views. The objectives of the work are to define universal and specific in functioning of concept “beauty” in the named languages and to reveal ways of a metaphorical nomination of female beauty in each of the compared linguocultures. Concept “beauty” allows revealing a system of symbols and standards of national culture of the compared languages.
Exoglossic influences in the early period of development of the Germanic languages
The aim of the paper is to display the importance of influences of more developed foreign linguocultures for forming up the evolutional type of the Germanic modern languages in their prehistoric period. The trichotomy of exoglossia vs. diglossia vs. polyglossia that completes the traditional notion of Germanic languages´ genotype is in the focus of attention. The contactological analysis of the exoglossic influences in the early linguogenesis of Germanic language forms proves the interconnection of the evolutional modus and the genetic specification of a language.
“Iron” and smithwork in the Kabardian-Circassian onyms
This paper continues the earlier touched subject concerning the application of names of metals and smithwork in Kabardian-Circassian onyms and appellatives. At the same time the development of linguoculturems with a specific ethnic character is considered to be a result of long evolutional process. It is emphasized that an appellative with a meaning “iron” as an integral unit, as well as antroponyms and toponyms basing on it has a special connotation among Adyghe names of natural resources.
Language features of national fairy tales about animals in the Adyghe linguoculture
The paper provides the language features, forming the Adyghe linguoculture, and various language means at the lexical-semantic level, promoting decoding the language of the Adyghe fairy tales about animals. The obtained results disclose features of language space of the investigated fantastic texts reflecting an originality of figurative thinking of the Adyghe people.
Aggression in language and speech: theoretical questions on linguistic representation (As shown by the material of the Russian and Bashkir languages)
The paper deals with the analysis of Russian and Bashkir phraseological units expressing the state of aggression and human behavior in the process of communication. The authors demonstrate that the ways of expressing aggression are similar in the languages with different structures. They reflect the universal ways, by which the different peoples percept the world, and the national peculiarity caused by special way of life, traditions, customs and by life of different ethnic groups.
R.Yu. Namitokova, S.K. Sapieva
The Caucasian lexicon as a translator of cultural senses in the Russian language and speech
The paper provides an analysis of the Caucasian lexicon presented in stories of North Caucasian modern writers. The authors describe their lexical sets and ways of their meaning revelation in a text structure.
On the correlation of notions “a functional semantic group of words” and “a lexical semantic group”
The paper examines the content of notions “a lexical semantic group” and “a functional semantic group of words”. Nowadays scientists divide these types of words which are distinguished according to their semantic and structural peculiarities. The author arrives at a conclusion that the notion of “a lexical semantic group” is the basic type of word groups for the lexical system of the Russian language.
Features of use of precedent phenomena by the American Linguocultural Community (on the basis of genetics)
The paper examines the mechanism of use of precedent phenomena in the American mass media discourse. The purpose is a systematization of precedent phenomena on the basis of genetics. The research touches upon the theory of precedent phenomena and its characteristics. Results of research have allowed the author to reveal the most frequent spheres-sources of precedent phenomena.
Verbalization of the concept “Marketing” in modern English
The aim of the paper is to present and describe the main means of verbalizing the concept “Marketing” in modern English. The conceptual domain of “Marketing” is considered to be a dynamic formation. Its structure is represented in the form of a semantic field. The most productive models of verbal representation of the concept “Marketing” are identified in the paper.
Motivation features of the semantics of derivatives by background knowledge
The paper discloses the linguistic and cognitive mechanism of formation of the semantics of derivatives, motivated by background knowledge of native speakers about the world around, and provides the types of the derivatives’ motivation. The author describes the degree and character of participation of lexical meaning of motivating words of different parts of speech in formation of the semantics of derivatives.
Quelques aspects du bilinguisme
Dans le present article, sont analyses les procedes de la formation des capacites de la parole et les mecanismes du developpement des processus cognitifs chez les enfants bilingues. Il y est considere que l’acquisition et la possession d’une langue est plutot cognitive que linguistique. Mots-clefs: cognition, bilinguisme, grammaire generative, passage des codes, forme (gestalt). Discussed in the paper are speaking abilities and cognitive development mechanisms of bilingual children. The author postulates that the acquisition of the language as well as the ability to use it are rather of cognitive than linguistic nature.
The comparative characteristics of the semantics of the English and Russian core lexemes representing the concept “force”
The paper examines the lexical means of rendering the concept “force” in the English and Russian languages. The aim of the work is to compare the semantics of the core lexemes representing the concept “force” in the compared languages. The results of the research have shown certain differences which stress the distant affinity of the compared languages.
Conceptualization and verbal representation of the reality in the language of modern female prose (As shown by the material of the Russian and German languages)
The paper examines the author's individual picture of the world in the modern female prose and the features of conceptualization and verbal representation of the reality in the language picture of the world of female texts in the Russian and German languages. The text cognitive-perceptive senses as units of cognitive level of the female language person are allocated as stem-forming elements of the artistic continuum of female prose.
Formation of participial adverbs in the light of the transitive phenomena in the language
The aim of this study is to consider the changes in adverbs formation in terms of the transitivity theory. The objective is to analyze the active processes in the sphere of participial adverbs formation. The word forms under investigation were firstly singled out by linguists in the second half of the 19th century and were widespread in fiction. This problem is debatable in many respects; hence the novelty and topicality of the paper are beyond any doubt.
Study of Arts
The Adyghe agonistics
The paper examines agonal lines of Adyghe traditional musical culture and how rivalry and competitiveness organize and structure traditional space of culture promoting its preservation and efficiency. The author arrives at a conclusion that agonal characteristics of Adyghe musical culture are typologically similar to an agonistics of cultures of the people of the Mediterranean region and simultaneously are more preserved now.
Sound world of the music of the Turkic people
This work provides the characteristic of sound world of Turkic music. Long and low, short and high musical signals, being formed in the steppe and mountains of Central Asia, in the author’s opinion, define the geographical aspects of ethno-hearing. Using a comparative-typological method, the author comes to a conclusion that a timbre-register model of sound/tone, characteristic of music of the Turkic people, is connected with nonmusical components such as speech/language and light/color.
American Regionalism, Mexican Muralism in the Art and Work of Jackson Pollock
This paper touches upon the subject that hasn’t virtually been developed yet in Russian Art History, namely: the description of early period of creative work of the first-rate American avant-garde artist Jackson Pollock. Using the body of English-language literature and examining biography of the painter, the author comes to a conclusion that formation of art principles of Pollock is caused by his contact with works of American regionalist Thomas Hart Benton and Mexican muralist Jose Clemente Orozco. Their art has had strong influence on formation of individual style of Pollock which, in second half of the 1940s, has received the name “action painting”.