#4 / 2006
Philological Sciences: Linguistics, Literature and Literary Criticism
B.M. Bersirov and H.Z. Bagirokov
Linguistic bases of studying Russian as the means of interethnic dialogue
The requirements of intellectual and cultural life in the Adygheya Republic have put forward a problem of Russian speech culture of Adyghes – bilinguists in line with the major and most urgent theoretical and practical problems of the Adyghe linguistics. Modern conditions of social and economic life of the Adygheya Republic population have caused necessity of mastering the norms of the Russian literary language by all categories of the population. Now there is a language situation when demand for non-Russian representatives of the Russian Federation really having a good command of Russian in real social and economic conditions begins to considerably outstrip the offer. It was prepared (1) by discredited practice of teaching Russian in a national audience without taking into account the native language of pupils; (2) by studying a system of Russian mainly as sets of grammatical rules and forms, without necessary attention to studying Russian speech; (3) by absence of scientifically proved theory on studying Russian as the means of interethnic communication in modern conditions. Studying Russian as the means of interethnic dialogue of peoples of the Russian Federation puts a number of theoretical and applied problems before the Russian linguistics the decision of which is connected with the basic foundations of teaching Russian in a national audience. This has theoretical significance for other regions of the Russian Federation as well. Only the careful analysis of the bilinguist second language speech can highlight specific theoretical questions. Having investigated the mechanism and conditions of generation of Russian speech by non-Russians, it is possible to give a theoretical substantiation to Russian as to the means of interethnic dialogue to help methodologists practice in teaching Russian.
The problem of “discrete” speech in the register of fiction
The urgency of expressive syntax as a unit of the doctrine on syntax is emphasized by many linguists, especially the nuances of meanings transmitted by syntactic constructions. These constructions include parenthetic insertions realizing expressive-syntactic functions in the text. The author gives a brief review of forms and functions of commenting sentences as a version of a parenthesis, as well as specificity of use of these constructions within the framework of a work of art.
Causative verbs in the French language (using verbs faire and laisser as an example)
The paper discusses the expression of causativeness in the French language using verbs faire and laisser as an example. The author discloses the relation between the subject and object in causative constructions and the action of causative verbs as categorematic and syncategorematic. The author enumerates ways by which causativeness can be expressed in the French and Russian languages. Equivalents of constructions with verbs faire and laisser are also given, since they can change meaning depending on a situation and on lexical meanings of an infinitive, and also of the subject and object.
A concept as a basis of teaching the nonnative language (using phraseological verbalization of concepts in Russian as an example)
Successful teaching pupils of national school Russian phraseology will take place if the teacher considers features of thinking of pupils, human mentality and memories. Their essence is that the information in a brain of the person is stored as a system of the certain blocks of complicated structure with the concepts as the key formations. Besides, the nature of a phraseological material assumes use of the onomasiological approach: from meaning to the form. It allows the process of teaching pupils-bilinguists a phraseological material as the means of verbalization of Russian concepts to be, on the one hand, the most effective, and, on the other hand, the easiest.
Problems of the interconnected development of native and Russian speech in pupils of national school in conditions of Adyghe-Russian bilingual education
In the paper, the author examines problems of the interconnected development of native and Russian speech in pupils of national school, questions of interaction of contacting languages in the teaching and educational process in conditions of Adyghe-Russian bilingual education.
A conceptual system: structure and the mental status
The author examines language as the means of revealing a structure of a thought of the native speaker which “gives a key” to consciousness reconstruction. Language provides a transition to a level of operating with forms of a thought that are revealed in semantics of verbal forms. The thinking exists in forms of a thought and is realized in specific verbal means of expression revealing these forms of a thought.
The anthropocentric paradigm in modern linguistics
The paper discusses the idea of anthropocentricity of a language, interrelationship of language and culture and a linguistic-cultural study as a product of the anthropocentric paradigm in modern linguistics and the concepts making a basis of the categorical apparatus of this scientific discipline: the language person and a concept.
New information technologies in teaching foreign languages at higher school
The use of the Internet in teaching foreign language is examined. Both the scheme of transfer of knowledge, and the model of teaching process sharply varies with the approaching of the information epoch that demands perfection of vocational training from a position of intensification of cognitive processes.
A problematic field of post-modernistic literary criticism
The paper discusses acute questions of modern literary criticism: a problem of an art method in post-modernistic cultural space, discussions about interdisciplinary as the main principle of a modern science. The author shows specificity of a display of a postmodernism in Russia compared to the western model.
Educational-cognitive potential of the Adyghe proverbs and sayings (The next ethnopedagogical work of Professor I.A. Shorov)
In the review, the author presents the next Professor I.A. Shorov's ethnopedagogical work on the great educational-cognitive potential of the Adyghe proverbs and sayings.