The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
the series "Philology and the Arts" The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
the series "Philology and the Arts"
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#3 / 2019


  • Bazieva Z.M.
    Spells in the Agul ritual folklore

    The article analyzes the texts of spells, stored in the handwritten fund of the Research Institute of Philology named after A.F. Nazarevich of Dagestan State University, in handwritten funds of Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Research Institute of the Language, Literature and Art named after Gamzat Tsadasa of Dagestan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences and in personal archives, many of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time. The main purpose of this article is to study the genre nature of spells, as one of the genres of ritual poetry of the Aguls. The study of Agul spells is carried out using comparative-typological and comparative-historical research methods. As a result of the undertaken research, the genre features of Agul omens, their function in the composition of the rite and ritual, and the features of their compositional construction are revealed. The texts of the spells are classified and their various types are distinguished, as well as the fact that the spells served as the basis for the formation of a number of ritual folklore genres - spell songs, well-wishes and well-wish songs, prayers and prayings.

    pdf 172-177.pdf  (97 Kb)

  • Menkenova K.V., Khabunova E.E.
    Kalmyk oral narratives about Burhn Bagshi (Buddha Teacher) and Buddha Shakyamuni’s life description: similarities and differences

    The paper presents a comparative analysis of oral narratives about Buddha Shakyamuni recorded in the territory of the Republic of Kalmykia in 2012-2013 by teachers, post-graduate students and students of the Kalmyk State University. The folklore narrative in this study is compared with namtar, a genre of Buddhist literature representing the life description of Buddha Shakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism. The life description and instructions of Buddha Shakyamuni were available in the Kalmyk (Oirat) environment in oral form during the period of the propagation of Buddhism among Kalmyks (Oirats). Being transformed and being filled with folklore elements, namtara continue the modern existence in the form of the legends, fairy tales and oral stories narrating about deities of a Buddhist pantheon, the famous pundits and lamas. A special place among them is occupied by the Kalmyk oral stories about Buddha Shakyamuni. They clearly show folklore motifs (wonderful birth, rapid growth, travel to another world, etc.). Similarities and differences of folk ideas about Buddha Shakyamuni and his canonic life descriptions are revealed and described. The analysis makes it possible to conclude that Buddhist literature had a significant influence on the oral folk creativity of the Kalmyks.

    pdf 178-186.pdf  (225 Kb)


  • Albo Taslich Mohammed Imad Qadim
    Conflict in Syria and Iraq

    An attempt is undertaken to analyze the military-political crisis as an object of research into journalism. Attention is focused on the need to cover the investigated conflict as objectively as possible, which can be facilitated by deepening into the history of the issue. The goal is to analyze the military-political crisis as an object of journalism research. Today 's events, both political and social, are becoming increasingly important, with increasing global implications. To study these events and, to the extent possible, to direct their development into the most productive and safe course - it is not only political scientists, sociologists and military scientists, but also journalists’ affair. It is full possession of the situation, in the author 's opinion, that will help to avoid involuntary bias, as well as to predict the further direction of the situation. The main methods that allowed defining the military-political crisis as the object of research of journalism, on the example of the Iraqi and Syrian conflict - comparative analysis, political method, and historical method. The results of this study can be used in theoretical studies on the analysis of the content and essence of the military-political crisis as the object of the study of journalism: the specifics of the approach on the example of the Iraqi and Syrian crises.

    pdf 187-193.pdf  (96 Kb)

  • Novak M.V., Beshukova F.B.
    Hybridities in media discourse as a specific communicative strategy of the Carpathian-Russian press of the United States of America in the late 19th and 20th centuries

    The Carpathian-Russian language is used as an example to show the result of the Anglo-Slavic interaction, which was expressed in the formation of the hybrid language of the Carpathian-Russian newspaper press of the United States Slavic diaspora during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The aim of this study is to justify from the point of view of media communicativistics the necessity and expediency of the language policy of hybridization. Linguistic and content analysis methodologies were used to reveal that this hybrid language was formed based on active borrowing and word formation. The Carpathian-Russian, native for most of readers, Russian as adstrat and English-language loans were its basis. The process of word formation connected vocabulary, semantics and grammar. The main result of this study is the findings that the active processes of language hybridization that took place in the confessional Carpathian-Russian press of the United States of America in the late 19th and 20th centuries contributed to increasing the efficiency of media communication.

    pdf 194-198.pdf  (101 Kb)

  • Chirva N.I.
    Presentation in the media of cinematographic phenomena with photographic materials

    The nature of cinema, from its very origin, carried the entertaining character of a visual attraction. Nevertheless, for more than a century, the cinema has continued to attract the attention of millions of viewers around the world, never ceasing to amaze, forming whole cults, fan clubs and communities. Thus, cinema as a subject of art, primarily consisting of a graphic component, is a phenomogenic structure, the key subjects for studying of which for us are photographic materials, both journalistic and frames from the films themselves and their discursive aspects. The purpose of this study is to set the vector for further development of the discursive nature of photographic materials about cinema and, in particular, those used in media sources from cinema films. The relevance of the study is due to the subtle specifics of journalistic activity in the application of photographic materials in media articles about film content. This work demonstrates the positive impact on the media environment as a phenomenological structure, relying based on modern interest of the audience and readership to the visual component, namely the correlation of cinema as a visual art and photo materials representing cinema.

    pdf 199-204.pdf  (140 Kb)

    Study of Arts

  • Begicheva O.V., Andrushchack T.S.
    Infernal alien, hero-lover or valiant warrior: the image of Viking in the opuses of romantic composers on the ballad of H.W. Longfellow “The Skeleton in Armor”

    The paper explores the portrait characteristic of the main character of the ballad by H.W. Longfellow "The Skeleton in Armor", arising at the intersection of three storylines - mystical, loving and heroic. The purpose of this publication is to consider the specifics of the implementation of the three facets of the image in the works of romantic composers of the late 19th century using the methods of theoretical poetics and holistic musicological analysis. The objective of the work is to determine the ability of music to enrich the meaning facets of the image through the capabilities of its language. The authors reveal the mythopoetic nature of the Viking image and sources of its origin, which determine the subject-conceptual side of the ballad content. The conclusion is drawn about the philosophicity of the literary source, which relies on the ballad genre-forming situation of the meeting of the two worlds, where Viking and Poet are binary structures.

    pdf 205-212.pdf  (113 Kb)

  • Evtykh S.Sh.
    Antique sculpture as an expression of ideas about female beauty

    The paper is devoted to the art of sculpture in Ancient Greece, expressing the idea of beauty and harmony. The data obtained in the framework of the presented scientific research contribute to the definition of fundamental laws that determine the plastic sculptural images, revealing the ideal of ancient female beauty. The imagery of "beauty" is determined through the unique technique of "chiasmus" from the point of view of aesthetics. The results of the study have theoretical significance, which lies in the systematization of approaches to identify the essence of the ancient Greek Canon of the female image. There is a natural tendency of various representatives of the fine arts of Ancient Greece to strive for the idealization of images, both in compliance with the Canon of external forms, and in the idealization of the internal content of the artistic image. The publication traces the evolution of the form of the Greek women from the archaic period with the cult of natural forces (crust), the subsequent classic period based on mythology (Aphrodite de Milo or Aphrodite of Cnidus), and the end of the Hellenistic period with the typical pathetic context (Nike of Samothrace). The obtained data can successfully be applied in cross-cultural studies as a theoretical basis for further study of the peculiarities of visualization of the female image in different epochs of humanity’s historical development.

    pdf 213-218.pdf  (228 Kb)

    Literary Criticism

  • Bakov H.I.
    Meditative lyrics in the works of the Circassian poet Muaed Pkheshkhov

    This study discusses the features of the meditative lyrics of the Circassian poet and talented journalist Muaed Pkheshkhov. An aesthetic analysis of his poems is carried out, in which the author’s moral discoveries and features of creative individuality are most clearly visible. Particular attention is paid to the poet's innovation in the use of original poetic tropes, figurative and expressive means: comparisons, epithets, reifications, and metaphors. The publication notes that M. Pkheshkhov successfully combines his creative self with the national tradition, which he enriches with new images, harmonious sound organization of the verse, and exuberant rhymes. The paper touches upon the successful journalistic activity of M. Pkheshkhov, which played an important role in the development of a creative individuality in his poetry. In the works of M. Pkheshkhov, there are wonderful landscape and love poems, but, as noted in this publication, meditative lyrics, in which the thought and philosophy of life prevail, occupy a significant place in them. Recommendations are made to use the works of M.Pkheshkhov in the practice of secondary and higher schools of the Karachay-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria.

    pdf 92-95.pdf  (79 Kb)

  • Gerelegiz Husnu
    The problem of national character in T.M. Kerashev’s prose about the historical past

    The paper examines the methods to solve the problem of the national character of the hero in historical prose of the Adyghe writer Tembot Kerashev. An attempt is undertaken to highlight the peculiarities of the writer’s artistic thinking of the Adyghes ancestors’ holistic picture of the world as a system of national worldview. For the first time, the author draws a conclusion that the national nature of the historical Adyghe is multidimensional and that the writer uses the innovative approach in its re-creation. Stories and novellas on the historical theme served the material of this publication. The study is based on a comparative-historical method, which makes it possible to analyze the essence of the manifestation of national character in literature and the role of history in the process of its formation and movement in time. This study is interesting as a new view of the national hero in the historical prose of T. Kerashev and can be used in literary analysis. The people's epic consciousness, historical and moral-aesthetic experience of Adyghes - ancestors of the modern Adyghe people - became the basis to reconstruct the worldview complex of the traditional national picture of the world and to form the concept of national character in the works of Tembot Kerashev, the writer who discovered the humanist concept of personality in historical prose.

    pdf 96-99.pdf  (141 Kb)

  • Dzhambekova T.B., Dzhambekov Î.À.
    Constant folklore micro-units and their influence on the plot-poetic structure of the Chechen story and short novel in the period of their origin and development

    This study discusses the problems of the formation of Chechen literature, in which in the late 1920s and early 1930s a satirical story becomes historically conditional. Largely based on folklore, it successfully evolves, constantly being refined up to the forties of the past century. The first attempt to move from the collection and publication of national folklore to literary creativity, to artistic reflection of the new reality is the stories of M. Salmurzaev, I. Eldarkhanov, S. Baduev and some others. The form and figurative structure of these stories directly go to the poetic qualities of satirical-humorous works. Genre and other poetic folklore micro-units are transferred to the fabric of works, which are distinguished by the brevity of dialogues, expressiveness, moral teaching of literary text, small number of heroes, i.e. qualities characteristic of folklore works. Oral folk creativity in relations with written literature, even though young, having no deep traditions, nevertheless forms complex intra-genre and styling patterns. In them, commonalities and boundary lines arise not only at the level of storytelling or the use of poetic possibilities of parables, short fairy tales and other types of oral creativity, but also in the mastering and understanding of the philosophy and folk wisdom on which the folk world outlook, folk artistic consciousness are based.

    pdf 100-106.pdf  (100 Kb)

  • Kapets V.P., Kapets O.V.
    Metaphysics in the works of F.M. Dostoevsky: the anthropological aspect

    An analysis is made of the metaphysics of human nature in the works of F.M. Dostoevsky with the aim to explore the metaphysics of the thinker in the anthropological aspect. The phenomenological, hermeneutic and comparativistic methods are used to examine the essential characteristics of man, to reveal different levels of human being, including natural, "underground", and supernatural. The paper shows a number of basic ideas proposed by Dostoevsky, which fundamentally influenced humane knowledge, in particular anthropology. For the most in-depth reflection of the worldview and creativity of the writer, we apply the approach of "vertical-horizontal cartography of the boundary of human nature" and for the first time introduced the concept of "basic constants of human existence". Owing to the analysis, in our opinion, we have chosen the key to understanding the nature of man by F.M.Dostoyevsky, which is fundamental and which explains the influence of the thinker on Russian religious philosophy, literature and entire humane knowledge. The results of the study contribute to a better understanding of F.M. Dostoyevsky 's creativity, as well as the development of modern anthropology.

    pdf 107-112.pdf  (146 Kb)

  • Kapets O.V., Shishkhova N.M.
    Philosophical problems of F.M. Dostoevsky 's novel "The Brothers Karamazov"

    The material of the philosophical concepts of I.Kant and the text of the last novel by F.M. Dostoyevsky are used to explore the field of possible interfacing of two worldview generalizations. The authors do not suggest that Kant, by his production of gnoseological problems, encouraged the Russian writer to borrow his basic ideas and arguments from the German philosopher. The process of interaction between these two geniuses seems to them to be more complex and winding. Therefore, the authors emphasize the way in which Kant formulated those higher ideas of mind, referred to by him as transcendental, which for the Dostoevsky thinker, regardless of anyone, proved to be a fundamental problem. An attempt is undertaken to analyze this process, to present the observations made during the study, and to formulate possible convergences. The authors conclude that in the process under study, I. Kant acts as a symbol of morality, coming from a theoretical mind, from intelligence. In a kind of duel Dostoevsky is postulated as a symbol of mind, closely connected with mental depths of a person, with his "hot heart," a writing term having a wide semantic spectrum.

    pdf 113-121.pdf  (169 Kb)

  • Kukueva Z.V.
    Features of topics and structure of the autobiographical story "Far Banks of the River of Life" by M. Beksultanov

    The paper examines the structure and topics of the autobiographical work of the Chechen writer M. Beksultanov "Far Banks of the River of Life" and the sources of the memoir issues in the artistic and journalistic prose of the writer. The author reveals the place of the work creation in the chronotope of events of the Chechnya recent history at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. An analysis is made of integration of deep and complex in its concentration documentary-artistic material and its lyric-dramatic emotional coverage. The author analyzes the characteristics of a holistic model of the world in the process of its division into a number of components and stages defined through the prism of personal fate and perception of the autobiographical hero. They denote that system of life factors and coordinates, which have had the greatest influence on the formation of his personality as a person, and the writer. Also, the author analyzed the peculiarities of this division, based on the principles of ratio, on the one hand, signs of storytelling, "artistic nature", and on the other - signs of essayistics and publicistics. The story explores two main alternately existing author's views: in one case synchronous with respect to the time that is reproduced in it, in another case synchronous with respect to the time of writing. Conclusions are drawn on the depth and brightness of the topics, structure and poetry of this work.

    pdf 122-126.pdf  (84 Kb)

  • Lyamova B.Kh., Kuizheva Z.R.
    The role of Adyghe journalism of 1920s to 1930s in the formation of national children 's literature

    The paper analyzes the role of the Adyghe periodical press of the 1920s to 1930s in the formation of the Adyghe children's literature. The authors deal with the main trends in the development of magazine printing and journalism of this period in native and Russian languages, peculiarities of the problems, and genre nature of the materials of the first periodicals of Adyghea. The study is carried out based on the specifics and relevance of the tasks of the analyzed period related to the creation of the Adyghe national writing and graphics, the emergence and development of professional science, literature and art, changes in the social and cultural life of the region and society as a whole. The appearance of the first works about children and for children of poets Kirimize Zhane and Murat Paranuk in the late 1930s is noted. The data obtained within the framework of this study on the formation of regional and republican literary and artistic journals for adults and children of the post-war and current periods contribute to the identification of the main features of their content and structure, and trends of development. The results of this work have theoretical and practical significance related to the relevance of further development of basic concepts of history and prospects of periodic printing and children's literature of Adyghea. The obtained findings can be applied in the study and teaching to the history of national journalism and children's literature.

    pdf 127-132.pdf  (107 Kb)

  • Nemets G.N.
    Author and reader in an essayized biographical sketch: Strategies for understanding and interpreting

    The linguo-cognitive specificity of text and discourse essayization is analyzed. It is concluded that the author's essayistic experience is the main source of meaning in the discourse, and the Reader is the main subject of the text, which the Author's thought is directed to. An essayized biographical sketch is a kind of “hybrid” in both genre-stylistic and communicative relations. Modern biographical sketches, placed in journals, seek to show the image of a person whose life story can be perceived by the Reader as sensational. The scientific problematization of the research is emphasized by background knowledge about the dynamic nature of genre structures, forming a certain system of idealizations related to the process of “erosion” of genres, the possible transformation of their rhetorical and stylistic identity. The central question of the problem is raised in such a way that the associativity and analyticity of the narrative makes it possible to speak of its essayization, both at the level of general phenomenology and taking into account its structural organization. The aim of the work is to identify the features of the interaction of the author and the reader in an essayed biographical sketch. The purpose of the study required the following objectives: (1) to determine the genre and stylistic features of an essayized biographical sketch; 2) to identify the narrative and linguodiscursive specifics of genre; 3) to analyze strategies for understanding and interpreting the essayization of the formed discourse, using an example of biographical sketches about artists in the magazine “Caravan of Stories”. Using the methods of narrative and linguodiscursive analysis in the work, the structures of biographical essayed texts containing individual features of narrative essayization are analyzed. The theoretical significance of the research lies in the fact that essaying at the present stage is becoming an active cross-genre process and an actual linguistic phenomenon that characterize the features of the formation of an essayized linguistic personality. The practical significance of the work is characterized by the fact that the obtained data contribute to the determination that essayization in the system of the semiotic whole exists as a linguistic phenomenon that reveals the creative abilities of a personality. It is concluded that the essayist experience of the author is the main source of meaning in the biographical discourse, and the reader is the main subject of the text, to which the author’s thought is directed.

    pdf 133-140.pdf  (121 Kb)

  • Panesh U.M., Mamiy R.G.
    The lyrical prose of Hazret Ashinov in the context of ideological and artistic searches of the national literature of the 1960s and 1970s

    The study deals with the formation of the lyrical prose of Hazret Ashinov in the context of the domestic literature of the 1960s and 1970s. The authors analyze the peculiarities of the topics, the story system, genre forms of the works "Two Bands", “Water Nut”, "Horseman Crosses the Violent River," etc. Conclusions are formulated on that the lyrical line in the writer's prose is strengthened, moving towards a variety of artistic techniques, updating genre modifications. Cultural-historical and relatively-typological methods used for analysis make it possible to suggest that the creativity of Hazret Ashinov reflected the typological peculiarities of the development of both general Adyghe and national literature of the 1960s and 1970s. The work contributes to the solution of theoretical problems of formation of lyrical prose genres. The results of the analysis can be used in the study of literature history, in the development of textbooks and manuals.

    pdf 141-146.pdf  (142 Kb)

  • Paranuk K.N.
    Hero and his space in the prose of the Adyghe writer Nalbiy Kuek

    The paper examines the mythopoetic chronotopes and an image system in the prose of N.Kuek. The nature of the heroes' connection to their personal space is explored. To identify the peculiarities of their interaction, the specificity of the mythopoetic chronotope in the narrative is analyzed, and the influence of the mythopoetic model of the world in the world modeling of the writer's works is determined. It is concluded that the relationship and mutual conditions of these categories are important for achieving the meaningful and structural integrity of the work. The use of comparative-typological and historical-literary methods determines the theoretical significance of research related to the systemic analysis of the paradigm of neomythologism in modern domestic literature. Practical significance lies in the possibility of being used in classes in North Caucasus literature at the university.

    pdf 147-153.pdf  (153 Kb)

  • Salazhieva E.I.
    Features of documentary and artistic content of Umalat Laudaev's book "Chechen Tribe"

    The article considers the peculiarities of the documentary and artistic content of Umalat Laudaev 's book "Chechen Tribe". The main goal of this article is to analyze the combination of the reflection of scientific worldview and signs of artistic prose, to assess the degree of study of this issue in the scientific literature of the interdisciplinary level, and to highlight the main multi-component issues of the work, its information-encyclopedic and simultaneously figurative-essayistic nature. The article notes that the documentary-scientific content of the book "Chechen Tribe" does not contradict the presence of lyricism as a manifestation of individual human feeling and artistic epic. Attention is drawn to the function of the author-narrative, the peculiarities of his objective and subjective assessment, the presence of an expressed author 's position, manifested, in particular, in the emotionally-expressive nature of individual fragments of the narrative. A conclusion is made about the harmonic combination in Umalat Laudaev's prose of elements of scientific-documentary, essayistic and artistic content.

    pdf 154-158.pdf  (99 Kb)

  • Khitarova T.A., Khitarova E.G.
    Spatial-worldview concepts of the top and bottom in the novel “Number 11” by Jonathan Coe

    This study is devoted to moral-philosophical aspects in Jonathan Coe’s novel “Number 11”. The aim is to investigate the top and bottom spatial concepts, and archetype patterns of horizontal and vertical intensions in the writer’s novel. The relevance is tightly connected with the subject of investigation: moral aspects in British up-to-date prose, their stability and possible transformation. The scientific reason of the choice is as follows: Jonathan Coe is a member of Royal literary society (Great Britain), awarded with remarkable prizes, and his books are translated into many foreign languages. These determinants increase research interest in his work, and set the direction of scientific search. Novelty and scientific significance are defined by the text analyses of the British novel from the moral and ethical standards. The necessity of usage of specific methods of research is detected and proved: descriptive, structural-typical for common aspects research on typological component: comparison-contrastive for essence revealing of different parts by juxtaposition. In the article conclusions and connections are proposed: the capacity of top and bottom concepts are limited but moreover they keep their nature; tendencies of British literature possible development without categorical estimation of reality are analyzed. Practical significance lies in the possibility for students, lecturers and scientific researchers to work with this information.

    pdf 159-165.pdf  (104 Kb)

  • Chankaeva T.A.
    Mythological concept of water in poetry of S. Esenin and Karachay authors

    For the first time, an attempt is undertaken to examine the use of the basic concept of water in the work of the Russian poet and Karachay authors. The purpose is to present the mythopoetics of designated poets. The data of the study was taken from the texts of the analyzed authors. The work is based on a comparative study of literature, correspondence of language and national culture in their interaction. The author proves that the concept of water is an element of mythopoetics and constitutes a sphere of concepts of different cultures. The study reveals that water images in Karachay poetry carry folklore elements, story motives filled with national specificity, and this concept is the leading for analyzed poets. The theoretical significance of the obtained results lies in that such an approach can be promising for understanding poetry of S.Esenin and national lyrics, and for the discovery of new knowledge in the study of mythopoetics.

    pdf 166-171.pdf  (122 Kb)


  • Abazov A.Ch., Klychev A.V.
    On the discovery of the original manuscripts of the Basic Rules of the Kabardian and Adyghean Grammars by Shora Nogmov

    The paper is devoted to the study of the handwritten heritage of the Adyghe Enlightener Shora Nogmov. Today we can submit to the scholars of the world the originals of the first grammars of the Adyghean and Kabardian languages. These grammars are of undoubted interest, since they actually are the first significant evidence of the Adyghe and Kabardian languages. This is the only way to know what these closely related languages were like in the mid-30s of the 19th century. Until now, the well-known Philological Works of Shora Nogmov, prepared for publication by G.F. Turchaninov contain the materials of the Tbilisi manuscript, which seems to be not the final version of Nogmov's grammars, like the Petersburg one. The Tbilisi manuscript was presented in them with considerable mistakes. The involvement of the identified originals of Nogmov’s manuscripts in the scientific circulation makes it possible to compare the existing versions and take a fresh look at the history of the creation of the first grammars of the Adyg languages. This work is intended to attract the attention of the Caucasus historians to the finding. It is of undoubted interest as it opens up new prospects for scholars who study the language, history and culture of the Adyghes (Circassians).

    pdf 17-25.pdf  (592 Kb)

  • Buyanova L.Yu., Yang Suti
    Construction terminology as an integrative linguocognitive construct

    The paper describes the characteristics of the construction terminology from the standpoint of cognitive and categorical approaches. It is noted that the construction terminology in terms of the composition of lexical and terminological material is one of the most ancient. The purpose of the work is to show that the construction terminology in Chinese and Russian is an integrative semiotic-epistemological field, structured into conceptual and categorical blocks. The practical significance of the study lies in the possibility of extrapolating the results to other terminological areas, and in using language material in lexicographic practice. The scientific significance of the work lies in the fact that for the first time the authors study and parameterize categorical semiotic blocks based on the material of the construction terminology, reflecting the main stages, phases, phenomena and construction results. The definition of a construction term is given, the most important implicit parameter of which is sociolinguistics. The research methodology is based on a comparative analysis of the term fund of the Russian and Chinese languages, cognitive analysis, descriptive method, terminological definition method, and methodology of systematization and classification. The study resulted in establishing 13 thematic sections of construction and building production proves that the construction terminological space contains the scope of fixing construction terms and the scope of functioning of construction terms. The nomination-derivational processes of building semiosis have certain features. Thus, a nomination-derivative act is a cognitive act, fixing the results of cognitive understanding of the world in the form of a linguistic sign. The obtained theoretical conclusions represent a definite contribution to modern cognitive terminology and determine the further evolution of such an innovative direction as cognitive derivatology.

    pdf 26-31.pdf  (94 Kb)

  • Lyapun S.V.
    Image of the Orient in travel texts of Russian mass media

    For the purpose of stylistic and linguoculturological analysis, we investigate the image of the Orient in the travel texts of the Russian mass media: tourist advertising, journalism and blog communication. The purpose of this work is to study the image of the Orient in travel texts produced in a new infocommunicative environment. Travel texts occupy a large place in the global media space, influencing the processes of formation of a new version of literary language. The use of intentional and contextual methods has established that in advertising texts, the image of the Orient is of a simplified standardized character, and usually it is explicated through abstractive concepts that have been disseminated. In the texts of journalists and travel bloggers, the image of the Orient receives a more specific, multifaceted character, transmitting the individual-author perception of national culture and life with the help of vocabulary, conveying cultural code. Research reveals that the text of journalists and bloggers is a special type of infotainment, affecting not only the feelings, but also the intellectual sphere of the addressee. The practical significance of the study lies in the possibility of using its results to develop topical directions of linguistics at the beginning of the 21st century: medialinguistics, mediastylistics and linguoculturology.

    pdf 32-36.pdf  (103 Kb)

  • Nechay Yu.P., Poverennaya A.A.
    The birth and formation of the fairy tale as an independent genre in German and Russian linguocultures

    The object under investigation is German and Russian fairy tales. The paper deals with the peculiarities of German and Russian fairy tales, their heterogeneity in content and in form. The authors carry out linguistic analysis of their formation. They discuss specific national colouring, similarities and discrepancies of types and kinds of verbal descriptions, and universal human characteristics. The theoretical significance of the work lies in the authors’ attempt to study how, based on the example of fairy tailes, contemporary speakers of different ethnicities perceive the fragments of the linguistic view of the world, shaped in the previous periods. The practical significance of the work lies in the possibility to employ the comparative analysis of fairy tales characters within the different language material. The research concludes that the social environment of the tale creation and commonality of historical conditions of certain periods, under which the Germans and Russians lived, explain the similarities and differences of fabulous motifs.

    pdf 37-42.pdf  (153 Kb)

  • Omarova Z.S.
    Individual author’s comparisons in poetry works by Rasul Gamzatov

    The paper deals with the lexico-semantic and linguoculturological features of the author’s comparisons in the poetry of Rasul Gamzatov. The urgency of the problem raised in this article is due to that the individual author’s comparisons in the poetry of Rasul Gamzatov did not become the subject of a special study. The author determines the national and cultural specificity of comparative images created by using the names of national cultural realities, author's anthropomorphic metaphors, figuratively associative comparisons of specific objects and abstractive concepts. The gender specificity of comparative images correlated with different culture codes is determined. It is concluded that the basis of the author’s comparisons of Rasul Gamzatov, which are fragments of the linguistic picture of the world, are the peculiarities of the image-associative and emotional-intellectual understanding of the surrounding world by the poet. The connection of comparisons with comparative images of Avar song folklore is noted. The gender specificity of the individual author’s comparisons of Rasul Gamzatov determines their lexical and semantic composition, national and cultural specifics, and specific features of the use of muscular or feminine culture codes. Such comparisons reflect the figurative associations of the poet, caused by the peculiarities of personal perception of the world and are updated by the corresponding linguistic means that form comparative images. Figuratively associative comparisons, as shown by linguistic analysis, are not unique in the poetry of Rasul Gamzatov, they constitute the specifics of his poetic idiostyle.

    pdf 43-48.pdf  (104 Kb)

  • Sitimova S.S., Khuazheva Z.G.
    On some peculiarities of adverbs in dialects of the Adyghe language

    In order to identify structural-semantic and grammatical features of adverbs in dialects of the Adyghe language we examine adverbial signs of the adverb and its syntax functions, relationship of adverbs with nouns, adjectives, and pronouns; and some lexical and morphological features of adverbs. The relevance of this work is due to the presence in the Adyghe language of a set of unresolved issues related to the essence and grammatical status of the adverb. We use traditional linguistic methods of research: descriptive, comparative, structural-semantic, as well as such research techniques as observation and generalization. The identified grammatical features of the adverb of the Adyghe language make it possible to better understand the grammatical system of the Adyghe literary language and predict its further development, and the study of problems related to the grammatical nature of the adverbs and their functioning contributes to the general theory of morphology of the Adyg languages. The obtained results can be applied in the Adyghe language classes.

    pdf 49-55.pdf  (96 Kb)

  • Tikhonova A.P.
    The value of the Hattian Language for the history of the Adyghe Languages

    The article deals with the problem of the relationship of the Hattians and the Abkhaz-Adyghe ethnos. The denial a priori of the close connections between Adyghes, Abkhazians and Abazins with Hattians by some scholars is refuted by both linguistic and historical data. The toponymy of Abkhazia and Adyghea, proper names, idioms and sayings, a significant layer of genetically common components of the basic vocabulary preserved in the Abkhaz-Adyghe languages, as well as folklore data, in particular, the description in the old Adyghe song of the battle of the Hattians with the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses at Kadeshe confirm culture-language links of Hattians, Adyghes Abkhazians and Abazins, their belonging to the same ethno-linguistic group. Confirmation of the genetic connections of the Abkhaz-Adyghe languages with the Hattian is essential for the history of both the Adyghe and Abkhaz languages, which are newly written, and the study of the ways of their historical development presents considerable difficulties. Comparison of the Hattian and Abkhaz-Adyghe lexemes makes it possible to reveal the changes that occurred in the phonetic and lexical systems of the compared languages.

    pdf 56-62.pdf  (218 Kb)

  • Tov N.A., Kubashicheva S.K.
    The concept of "sleep" in world perception of Circassians

    The paper deals with the linguocultural concept expressed by the word nkykhane "sleep”,"dream" in Adyghe language space. A large number of collocations and proverbs of the Adyghe and English languages containing this lexeme are detected by the continuous sampling method. The scientific interest is that it is reflected in Adyghe culture through the prism of the mythological consciousness of the people. Under conditions of universal internetization, contact between languages and cultures is increased many times. Therefore, knowledge of the national specificity of another culture helps to improve understanding among peoples. The fact that connotations are available in folklore and modern oral speech is established through comparative analysis of extensive field material. The possibility of using research materials in studying folklore texts in the Adyghe, Russian and English languages reflect their theoretical and practical importance.

    pdf 63-67.pdf  (134 Kb)

  • Khazratkulov A.P., Akhidzhakova M.P.
    The main constituents of economic discourse: pragmatic status and functions

    The paper discusses pragmatic status and functions of the main constituents of economic discourse. The complex structure of the linguocognitive phenomenon studied determines its status trend. The constituents of the structure of economic discourse are the intentional base which determines the functions of economic discourse, as well as the collective cognitive space, manifesting a conceptual picture of the world, and basic concepts and priority values characteristic of a particular professional community. The constituents of economic discourse also include its subject and linguistic component as an empirical basis of this kind of institutional discourse in its linguocognitive and linguistic plans proper. The data obtained from the study of economic discourse, its functions and pragmatics can clarify the specifics of the structure and dynamics of the economic conceptual field.

    pdf 68-72.pdf  (87 Kb)

  • Khachmafova Z.R., Naumenko I.V.
    System-structural features of terms of the"Car" subject area (from materials of the English language)

    The purpose of the study is to analyze the structural and word-forming properties of English terminology units forming the “Car” subject area. The object is the English professional and terminological vocabulary of the "Car” subject area. Subject matter is the process of term derivation in English automobile terminology. The material included English lexical units, updating the "Car” subject area, extracted by the continuous sampling method from various dictionaries, encyclopedias, special directories, as well as specialized American newspapers and magazines, and Internet sources related to automobile topics. Based on the methods of component and definition analysis, as well as the methods of derivational and functional analysis of automobile terms, the most productive derivational models of automobile terms are identified; and morphological and syntactic models of English automobile terms are described. The theoretical value of the study lies in learning the professional and terminological vocabulary of the automobile sphere in terms of establishing its value and role in the representation of the national language picture of the world.

    pdf 73-78.pdf  (159 Kb)

  • Sheozheva B.A.
    Expansion of thematic base of "literary exoticisms" in modern Russian

    This work deals with one of the strata of the borrowed lexicon – exoticisms – since due attention is not paid to a research of the factors defining development of this case of words during the modern period of language development. The research is devoted to definition of filling and structure of thematic paradigms of the exoticisms, which entered explanatory dictionaries of the last decade, and to the description of exolexemes, making up such paradigms, for the purpose of identification of dynamics of development of certain exothemes and the linguoculturological factors causing these processes. Use of methods of the linguistic analysis adequate to objectives - a method of continuous selection (during material collection), the appositive analysis, the component analysis, and a method of the scientific description – allowed us to bring together evidential base of the offered conclusions sufficient for justification and to describe features of this case of words. The author suggests that the factors causing development of the case of exotic lexicon in modern Russian should be elucidated. It is established that along with a tendency to a de-exoticization of the mastered lexicon, significant increase in number of "nonliterary exoticisms" in oral forms of the speech under the influence of mass media and "literary exoticisms" from the fiction texts, which need studying and systematization, is obvious.

    pdf 79-85.pdf  (174 Kb)

  • Yang Suti
    Categorial-conceptual stratification of construction terminology: cognitive aspect

    For the first time, based on the material of the construction terminology of the Chinese and Russian languages we study the basic categories, which shape the cognitive basis of terminological derivation and nomination; and determine the specifics of this terminology as open, dynamic and integrative, representing the results of cognitive activity of thinking and the language as a whole. The research methodology is based on a comparative analysis of the categorial apparatus of the terminology of the Russian and Chinese languages; we use the method of cognitive analysis; categorial classification; descriptive method; and methodology of systematization and conceptual stratification. As a result of the study, key categorial modules and concepts have been established that manifest the specifics of cognitive-categorial stratification of construction terminology. The purpose of the study is to establish all categorial conceptual signs of construction terms, and to argue for the conclusion on the actualization by special construction terminology of the implicitly expressed semantics of creation, civilizational development of society. Using the example of sociocultural stratification of terminology units, we have determined that social aspect is traced in each semiotic unit of the construction terminological continuum. The results obtained and our conclusions can be applied in practical work with terminology in lexicography, in compiling terminological dictionaries and reference books in Russian and Chinese; in the practice of teaching the basics of terminology and comparative terminography and make a definite contribution to the theory of cognitive terminology, terminography, and comparative terminology.

    pdf 86-91.pdf  (95 Kb)