The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
the series "Philology and the Arts" The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
the series "Philology and the Arts"
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#4 / 2021


  • Bakhshaliyeva A.A.
    Theoretical basis of the concept

    This study examines the theoretical foundations of the idea of "concept" in linguistic science. This issue is an important problem for cognitive linguistics, which explains the relevance of this study. It is indicated here that the concept reflects the mental and traditional features of the linguistic thinking of peoples. Basic concepts in multi-system languages have similar and distinctive features. Their difference is formed on the basis of different cultures of peoples.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-13-19

    pdf 13-19.pdf  (159 Kb)

  • Gorokhova A.V.
    Synesthetic metaphor ‘sound – color’: an attempt at corpus and experimental research

    The present article deals with the cognitive mechanism underlying the generation of synesthetic metaphors according to the ‘sound – color’ model. The study includes quantitative analysis based on data from the National Corpus of the Russian Language aimed at identifying recurrent synesthetic metaphors, as well as a linguistic experiment aimed at determining the key factor of the generation of such metaphors: immediate perception of audial and visual information or its representation through language.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-20-25

    pdf 20-25.pdf  (156 Kb)

  • Kysylbaikova M.I.
    Linguistic consciousness of the Sakha language speakers through semantic fields

    As part of the study of the core of the Sakha language, the author analyzed the semantic fields "monument", "sculpture", "movie", "healthy lifestyle", "mass media". The respondents were native speakers of the Sakha language, which is the main language of communication for them. Free associative experiment, which served as the main method for obtaining reactions to the studied semantic fields, proved the effectiveness of the method in the study of linguistic consciousness. The results obtained allow us to present an approximate structure of the Sakha language, which consists of a core and periphery. The study of linguistic consciousness by analyzing semantic fields allows us to represent the structure of the entire language.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-26-32

    pdf 26-32.pdf  (179 Kb)

  • Loova A.D., Mironenko S.A.
    Basic ways to express the denial category in heterogeneous system languages (based on German and Adyghe languages)

    The paper discusses the features of the expression of denial in German and Adyghe. The authors analyze statements with elements of denial. Touching upon the attitude to objective reality, they emphasize the communicative nature of denial, its focus on the communicative activity of man.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-33-41

    pdf 33-41.pdf  (202 Kb)

  • Ma Jia
    Cultural words contrastive study of the Russian and Chinese languages

    The paper is devoted to the contrastive study of speech situations related to the use of cultural words in Russian and Chinese linguistic cultures. The meaning and peculiarities of the use of cultural words from three categories are characterized: politeness, request, apology in the structure of Chinese and Russian linguistic situations. The analysis shows that most of the cultural words used in Russian and Chinese linguistic situations of communication are of a nationally specific nature and are part of the culturally dependent vocabulary. Cultural words that are used in the Russian and Chinese languages to show politeness can be divided into culturally dependent and culturally independent. The selection and use of cultural words in speech to express a request in Russian and Chinese may differ depending on the situation, context and mood of the interlocutors.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-42-49

    pdf 42-49.pdf  (161 Kb)

  • Tikhonova A.P.
    A multidimensional study of Hattian texts

    The problem of the analysis of the Hattian monolingual texts with the involvement of the data of the Abkhaz-Adyghe languages and the extra-linguistic, ethnic and cultural factors is considered. The a-priori denial of phylogenetic relationships between the Hattian and Abkhaz-Adyghe languages by some scientists requires a theoretical substantiation and a practical solution to this issue. On the basis of sound correlations, the correspondences of the Hattian and Abkhaz-Adyghe root morphemes are established, which have the same or similar meaning. Criteria for the interpretation of the homonymic component of Hattian texts are identified on the basis of a comparison of repeated words and word forms in different contexts. Confirmation of the commonality of the compared languages is of great importance for both general and Caucasian linguistics. The Abkhaz-Adyghe languages are newly written, and the study of the ways of their historical development is fraught with significant difficulties. Comparison of the Hattian and Abkhaz-Adyghe morphemes will reveal the changes that have occurred in the phonetic, lexical and grammatical systems of the Abkhaz-Adyghe languages.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-50-57

    pdf 50-57.pdf  (253 Kb)

  • Tkharkakhova N.G.
    Adyghe proverbs and sayings as the reflection of the Adyghes’ axiological worldview

    The paper explores the linguistic and national cultural features of the Adyghe paroemias, which form an axiological worldview of the Adyghes. The publication identifies and groups the concepts and ideas that are most characteristic of the mentality of the people, which are "markers" of the national character and way of life of the Adyghes. The work notes that the paremiological fund of the Adyghe language acts as a mirror of Adyghe folk culture and thereby recreates a picture of the Adyghe life of past times. Most of the available paroemias in the Adyghe language, as in any other, were created for centuries and in certain historical eras. Practical value lies in the possibility of using the main results and conclusions of the paper and subsequent works on this topic in practical classes on the phraseology of the Adyghe language, cultural linguistics and cross-cultural communication, in classes on the practical work related to learning the Adyghe language.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-58-63

    pdf 58-63.pdf  (106 Kb)

    Literary Criticism

  • Naptsok B.R., Shovgenova T.A.
    National stereotypes and ethnic images in the Adyghe historical novel by Alim Keshokov «Saber for the Emir»

    The paper examines the problems of national stereotypes and ethnic images in the Adyghe historical novel of the 20th century. The work of the national writer Alim Keshokov "Saber for the Emir" was used to identify and analyze cultural models of ethnic self-identification related to national stereotypic ideas and traditional ethnic images.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-64-71

    pdf 64-71.pdf  (128 Kb)

  • Panesh U.M., Ashinova Yu.A.
    On the evolution of genre forms of the novel of 1960 – 1980s (based on Adyghe literature)

    The paper examines various genre forms of the novel formed in the Adyghe literature of the 1960-1980s. Features of the work of A. Keshokov, A. Shortanov, A. Evtykh, D. Kostanov, I. Mashbash are identified: strengthening problematical character, deepening the concept of personality, using different poetic means that determined effective genre searches in the context of the development of Russian prose. The publication specifies modifications of the multifaceted epic, synthesized novel-biography, socio-psychological novel of characters and accented problems. The study contributes to the history and theory of the formation of the domestic art of words and can be used in the development of the history of literature.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-72-78

    pdf 72-78.pdf  (114 Kb)


  • Kudaeva Z.Zh.
    The cycle of legends about Bor Mighty ("Bor&#233;zh")

    The paper is devoted to the analysis of the historical legend cycle about Bor the Mighty ("Borézh") in the aspect of displaying one of the most significant worldview principles that formed the basis of the spiritual aspects of the Adyghe traditional culture formed over a long historical development. The main task of the study of the legends about Bor the Mighty is to identify the worldview information that makes up the content of these works of folk historical prose, to reflect the moral and ethical canons inherent in traditional ethnic culture. This determines the relevance and scientific novelty of the research undertaken by us. An analysis of the main problems, as well as the motives and images of the legends about Bor the Mighty made it possible to arrive at the conclusion that in a number of plots inherent in this cycle the principle of stoicism is represented and affirmed as one of the main moral and ethical norms characteristic of the Adyghe traditional culture. The study of the legends about Bor the Mighty in terms of their genre also made it possible to conclude that this cycle is presented by historical ("Kalmykydze" – "Army of Kalmyks") and ethical legends ("Bore and khybar" – "The Legend of Bor the Mighty ", etc.), which are a special specific genre variety of the Adyghe folk historical prose.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-86-93

    pdf 79-85.pdf  (272 Kb)

    Study of Arts

  • Shapovalova S.N.
    The image of the first ancestor in the shape of mythological creature "Tao-te". The Bronze Age. China

    Despite the considerable interest of researchers in the problem of identifying the mythological creature of the ancient Chinese art “Tao-tie” (饕餮), its image, as well as the symbolism of the decorative elements of artifacts of the Bronze Age of China, remain poorly studied and unsolved to this day. The purpose of the paper is to consider issues related to the structure of the “Tao-tie” image, the heterogeneous appearance of the image in the Xia, Shang-Yin and Zhou eras, the problem of the lost name and the identification of the icon-stylistic character of the metal era. The analysis of literary sources of the late period containing a description of the divine first ancestors set forth in the results of the dissertation research points to the relationship of the image with the divine first ancestor “Kui” or” Di-Ku” (喾), zoomorphic figures of a co-named creature (dragon “Kui”) form the mask of “Tao-tie”. The conclusions of the work give an idea of the religious worldview encoded in the inlay of art and ritual objects of ancient Chinese states and can be useful in studying the history, culture and art of ancient China.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2021-4-287-79-85

    pdf 86-93.pdf  (193 Kb)

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