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#2 / 2022
Synonymous reduplications in the Adyghe language (from the material of lexicographic publications)
The paper deals with synonymous reduplications in complex lexemes of the Adyghe lan-guage. The author gives an assessment of the role of reduplicates from the standpoint of their participation in the process of word formation and semantic formation within the framework of the fiction text. This is the scientific novelty of research. The study of this phenomenon and its specific features, as well as models of the formation of synonyms-reduplicates, is an urgent problem. The reduplicates of the Adyghe language, extracted from lexicographic dictionaries and fiction text became the material of this study. In the process of analysis, various techniques were used to determine the stylistic role of reduplicates in this language. In theoretical and practical terms, the results obtained can serve as a contribution to the development of the general theory of Adyghe word formation, complementing and developing the insufficient knowledge of reduplicates, as well as in compiling dictionaries of various types.
Baranova A.Yu., Rubtsova D.A.
Conceptualization of freedom and specificity of representation of the concept in Russian linguoculture
Methods of representation of the concept as the main unit of linguoculturology are identified and analyzed; detailed structuring of the mentally significant concept of "freedom" is carried out with the involvement of diachronic and synchronous research methods. Fiction and journalistic discourses served the material of study. As a result, it has been revealed that during the de-velopment of society, the concept of "freedom" underwent complex changes, the concept is verbalized not only by lexemes, but also by phraseological combinations, sentences, texts and their combination, and easily enters into paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations. Using the methods of contextual, structurally semantic and discursive analysis, the authors determined the main ways of representing the concept under study and their specificity. The results obtained, based on the study of authoritative sources and dictionary data, can be useful for further study of national-cultural values, issues of cognitive semantics and discursology, as well as in lecture courses on linguoculturology.
doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2022-2-297- 23-33
Vorozhbitova A.A., Autleva F.A.
Comparative study of the Russian-language political Discourse of the Russian Federation and the CIS countries: theory and methodology of the Sochi Linguistic - Rhetorical School
The paper presents a general algorithm for a comparative study of the modern Russian-language political discourse of the Russian Federation and the CIS countries in the aspect of the theory and methodology of the Sochi Linguistic - Rhetorical School by giving an example of the political discourse of the media of the Republic of Armenia at the boundary of 2010-2020. The purpose and sequence of research activities, the general research program, expected results, their scientific value and practical significance of the study are characterized. All of the above can serve as a certain theoretical and methodological guideline for organizing and conducting research of this type in the continuum of CIS countries that have historically shared polyethnic sociocultural & educational space. With this approach, political discourse is positioned as a tool for forming the mentality of a collective linguistic personality of one ethnic society in its relationship with others, historically close, developing within the borders of the CIS in the context of the functioning of the Russian language as a language of interethnic communication.
Oppositeness of conceptualizations of the notion "Language": aspect "creation/destruction"
The paper examines the features of the implementation of the intra-semantic opposition of the concept “Language” at the lexical and cognitive levels in Russian linguistic culture. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the attempt made by the author to analyze the reasons for the actualization of semiotic oppositions in modern linguistics in the aspect of considering the concepts of creation. This aspect is also supplemented by a detailed description of the opposition of the concept under study in order to correlate it with the classical basic conceptual opposition ”Own ‒ Alien”. Based on study of theoretical material which is a generalization of the views of leading researchers in the field of linguoculturology, cognitive linguistics and axiological linguistics the author characterizes the dichotomy of the concept ”Language” presented as one of the means for organizing and ordering the modern world order reflected in the linguistic worldview.
doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2022-2-297- 43-50
The main areas of research on the terminology of the tourism industry in the light of the cognitive-discursive approach
The paper discusses the main theoretical provisions and ideas, which formed the basis for the study of the English terminology of the tourism industry in the light of a cognitive-discursive approach. The author justifies the use of methods and techniques of cognitive analysis and the construction of cognitive models for an effective analysis of the processes of formation of terminology in the tourism industry. The publication highlights and describes the characteristic features of conceptual and frame analysis of terms that make it possible to build a conceptual model of certain terminology. This provides great opportunities for the terminology of the tourism industry with its extensive system of concepts.
Actualization of ethnogender value characteristics of the concept of "masculinity" in Russian gluttonic discourse
The paper discusses the actualization of ethnogender value characteristics of one of the nuclear concepts in the Russian gluttonic discourse, using the material of paroemias, including ethnocultural representations and sociocultural values, reflecting gender differentiation. Paremiological discourse is considered as a sign system formed by specific verbal signs translating in-formation about the concept. A cluster of gluttonym signs representing the concept of "masculinity" is identified; axiological characteristics of the concept under consideration are described by means of gluttonyms exhibiting masculinity in Russian linguoculture. An analysis is given of the list of signs of masculine gastronomy, the presence of which contributes to national self-identification and translates the culture of ethnos into the world ethnocultural space.
Kotik O.V. , Tolstikova L.V.
Syntax expressive means in the informative-motivational form of a scientific text (based on the material from English scientific articles)
The description of informative-motivational text stylistic features is supplemented by new constructions characterizing a scientific text. The authors propose a classification of genre and stylistic features of informative-motivational text presented in the form of the most common syntactic constructions: inversion without changing the word order, the use of the auxiliary verb “do”, comparative construction with the lexeme “more”. As a result of informative-motivational text analysis a category of expressive means such as intensifiers has been singled out. The following types of intensifiers have been identified: nominative, attributive, verbal, adverbial. Due to syntactic stylistic means and intensifiers the expressiveness of informative-motivational text is achieved.
Loova A.D., Khachetsukova Z.K.
The problem of the lexicogrammatical organization of the phrase in German and Adyghe languages in comparative terms
The paper deals with the types of syntactic relation of words in the phrase in German and Adyghe languages. By virtue of the fact, that syntactic organization of words in coherent speech acts as a specifier of each national language, its development and formation can be traced in a wide variety of directions and aspects of any modern language. A necessary condition when es-tablishing the order of the relation of words in the phrase is to consider the relationship of the verb as the main word with dependent words. In view of the significance of the verb in the com-patibility of words, the publication analyzes in detail the verb government and emphasizes the structural-semantic aspect of the phrase. Research shows that the verb in the languages under study has various syntactic capabilities in forming the connection and relationship between the verb word and other words. Depending on the meaning and stylistic possibilities of verb govern-ment, the dependent word changes its form. It has been shown that to create a basis for studying the compatibility of words in different languages, it is advisable to distinguish a phrase as a low-er-level unit and consider it in grammatical, functional, structural - semantic, and paradigmatic aspects. It has been established that the study of the compatibility of words makes it possible to reveal the internal laws of the relationship between the components of a phrase and to understand the laws of speech construction more deeply.
Ptushchenko E.B., Khurum R.Yu.
Information technologies as a factor in the process of digitalization and digital transformation in linguistics
The paper discusses the issues of digitalization and educational convergence and their role in linguistics. The authors note that information and computer technologies are taking on an in-creasing amount of information - technology communication in the transformation of theoretical, applied and comparative linguistics. The use of these technologies in the linguistic field of Rus-sian society suggests the possibility of adapting the system of knowledge acquisition and the formation of linguistic competencies in a different way than the classical one. The publication shows the role of basic linguistic resources of information technologies, including the Internet, in the process of formation of digital linguistic competencies. Insomuch as the linguistic resources of the Internet are one of the main sources of information for a linguist, the paper proposes an overview of some web resources that are designed to solve a number of linguistic tasks in a significant amount, a key feature of electronic digital information resources for applied linguistics.
The role of Daud Ashkhamaf in the study of Adyghe language phonetics and its dialects
The paper considers the views of scientists on the phonetic processes of the dialects of the Adyghe language. The purpose and order of research actions, the general research program, expected results, their scientific value and practical significance of the research are characterized. The phonetic features of the Adyghe language are analyzed in order to clarify the relationship between the dialects of the Adyghe language. Phonetic varieties of correlative dialect words are revealed and described. The originality of the dialects of the Adyghe language is substantiated. The specificity of the aspirated consonants of the Western dialects of the Adyghe language is reflected.
doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2022-2-297- 93-98
Spasova M.V., Lopatina N.R.
Metaphorics of Colour in Phraseological Units with Coloronym «White» in the English Language
The article is devoted to the metaphorical reimagining of concept “white” in the English Language of metaphorical character. The goal of the article is the analysis of metaphorical reimagining coloronym “white” in phraseological units. The authors analyze the processes of metaphorization of this coloronym, systematize phraseological units in question according to the theory of linguistic fields, analyze the processes, underlying in the process of formation integra-tive fields, define the conceptual metaphor within which these phraseological units function. The authors come to the conclusion that phraseological units with coloronym white are formed on the basis of both universal cognitive processes and socio-political and cultural realia of English-speaking communities.
Tsaturyan M.M., Matevosyan A.P.
Features of the functioning of the virtual communication language in the social network "VKontakte"
The paper discusses the language of virtual communication in the social network "VKontakte". The relevance of the proposed topic is due to the study of virtual communication, which arose owing to the rapid development of the social network "VKontakte", against the background of the imposition of sanctions on foreign social networks. Currently, the social network "VKontakte" is perhaps the main way of virtual communication. The forms of language realization – oral and written – are actively converging, their boundaries are blurred, and a special type of speech appears – oral speech in written fixation.
Shkhumishkhova A.R., S.aida K. Sapieva2
The concept of "food" and the characterization of lexicothematic group of “nutrition”
The paper discusses the concept of "food" and analyzes the thematic group of "nutrition". Various examples, statements and assessments are given. Special attention is paid to the etymological aspect of the study. The Russian language picture of the world is mosaic in nature, given the significant number of borrowings from different languages. But considering a separate frag-ment of this picture formed by the names of nutrition, it should be noted that its building elements form a harmonious whole, determining the true richness and diversity of Russian cuisine.
Literary implementation of the fate of a private person and war in the novel by Kanta Ibragimov "Past Wars"
Based on the analysis of the structural and semantic features of the novel - K. Ibragimov's epic "Past Wars," the research shows that the literary implementation of the fate of a private per-son and war goes through a multi-linear concentric plot, through which the author shows military events in retrospect. Owing to synthesis of realistic and naturalistic techniques K. Ibragimov achieves the validity and realism of the reproduction of historical events. The publication reveals the ideological points of support for the text, concentrated by the author in the personality of the main character, in his national consciousness. The novelty of the method of K. Ibragimov is visible in discursive practices that are not traditional for a national novel, in the extreme nudity of the hitherto hidden aspects of the life of an ethnic group, in the naked physiology and naturalism of individual scenes.
Circassian poetry in the flow of time
For the first time, the paper examines the evolution of Circassian poetry over several decades, analyzes the work of poets of various generations who have made a significant contribution to the development of genres, to the elimination of imbalance in their system. Within the frame-work of the historical and chronological method, the works of A. Okhtov, Kh. Gashokov, A. Khanfenov are studied; their achievements and shortcomings, motivated by the influence of the Bolshevik ideology of the period, are noted. This generation is distinguished by a high level of education, which was reflected in their work. In the context of the Adyg literature, the author studies the work of the generation of the 1960s-1970s of Circassian poetry, represented by bright individuals, which raised the artistic level of the literary process as a whole, as well as issues of skill and innovation. The research shows that it is in poetry, especially in lyrics, that the poet's personality, his intellect, and a special vision of the "world of things" matter.
Guan Lin, Sun Qiuhua
Features of the characters in the novel "Doctor Zhivago" as an aesthetic value
The paper examines the features of the three characters, Zhivago, Lara, and Tonya in the novel Doctor Zhivago, in a particular environment and plot, and determines the aesthetic value of the characters in the tragedy. Through the various fates of the main character Zhivago, his family and friends before and after the October Revolution, the novel presents the love and hatred, grief and happiness of the people of the Soviet Union in the great era. The sublime aesthetic qualities of the humanitarian Zhivago, Lara with a rebellious spirit and virtuous Tonya in a turbulent period are explored, it is noted that their character traits determine the development of the plot.
Panesh U.M., Klimina A.A.
Suggestivity: term, concept, suggestivity as an aesthetic phenomenon
The paper deals with theoretical issues related to the phenomenon of suggestivity. The authors specify the content of the term, the history of its origin and existence, and determine various options for applying the concept. Special attention is paid to the peculiarities of suggestivity as an aesthetic phenomenon, which are manifested in the activation of creative thinking, exacerbation of the emotional figurative perception of reality. The study can be used in the development of general methodological provisions of literary theory.
doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2022-2-297-144 -149
Panesh U.M., Sokolova G.V.
Strengthening the lyrical principle and evolution of genres in literature of the 1960s -1980s (based on the Adyg literatures)
The paper examines the evolution of genres in the prose of Adyg literatures of the 1960s - 1970s under the influence of lyrical prose. The publication deals with the strengthening of the problems associated with the intensification of attention to an individual, and structural and style searches in the works of T. Kerashev, A. Evtykh, A. Keshokov, Kh. Teunov, A. Shortanov, A. Tuarshev, I. Mashbash, Kh. Ashinov, Ts. Kokhov and others caused by such changes. The authors determine the features of the new stage of the literary process, which are caused by the invasion of lyrical literature - strengthening the intellectual element, deepening psychological analysis, and moving towards a variety of poetic means.
Adyghe (Circassian) folk lyrics: on genesis and evolution
The paper attempts to establish the process of distinguishing lyrics as a kind of verbal art when it was still at the stage of initial syncretism. Both the peculiarities of ethnic verbal culture and the general patterns of evolution of genera, types and genres of folklore and literature are established. The material considered suggests that the division into drama and epic was the initial one, and at a relatively later stage, the formation of lyrics as a phenomenon that draws specific material from epic and dramatic works took place. An important source is also the situational context, rich in sources that stimulate the emotional sphere. The catalyst of the process is the evo-lution of social consciousness, which leads to the search for harmony between the interests of the individual and the ethnic community. A characteristic feature is that the appeal to the inner world of a person does not destroy the collective consciousness, but, on the contrary, arouses interest in the spiritual side of each person from the collective.
Study of Arts
Features of the interpretation of heroic female characters in the opera "Sister Jiang"
The paper is devoted to the analysis of the features of the embodiment of heroic female images in Chinese opera of the 1960s. The relationships of opera concepts with Chinese literature and theater of that period are examined, the connections with the Soviet "red drama" and the ideological orientation of the authors to the political order of the ruling party are revealed, the pro-cess of introducing the method of "socialist realism" in Chinese opera is considered.
Music as a space for the dialogue of Russia and China: on the “Chinese trail” in the works of composer Klimenty Korchmarev
The paper examines the presence of the Chinese theme in the work of the Russian com-poser K.A. Korchmarev, who was a student of V.O. Malishevsky, a member of the “Belyaevsky circle” and who mastered the composer's craft under the guidance of N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov and A.K. Glazunov. The idea is substantiated that Korchmarev, developing the theme of the East in his own way, acts as a continuer of the traditions laid down in Russian musical culture by his predecessors. Along with the first Turkmen ballet “The Merry Deceiver”, the author draws attention to such creative achievements of the composer as creating music for the cartoon “The Liu Brothers”, based on a Chinese folk tale, music for the play “The Gray-Haired Girl”, staged in the E. Vakhtangov Theater, the opera “Child of Joy”, which absorbed the music for the play, the suite “Free China” to the verses of M. Matusovsky. Particular attention is paid to the considera-tion of Korchmarev's arrangements of Chinese songs.
Zhao Yuanren's vocal work “Teach me how not to miss him”
The paper deals with the vocal work “Teach me how not to miss him”. A brief introduction to the biography of the poet who wrote the poems and the composer of this song is given. Attention is focused on the history of the creation of the song sample and the specific features of the poetic text of the vocal work, and an art critical analysis of its musical form is offered. The results of the observations can be useful both for art historians who study the artistic samples of vocal music, and for teachers-mentors who hone vocal technique with their wards.