The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
the series "Philology and the Arts" The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
the series "Philology and the Arts"
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#1 / 2023


  • Basangova T.G.
    Songs about the Siberian exile in the folklore tradition of the Kalmyks (based on field research)

    The article examines the songs about the Siberian exile of the Kalmyks, the genre designation of which is defined as songs that were performed secretly and only among them-selves. Particularly, among the Kalmyks, who were exiled to Siberia, the Far North and Sakhalin. Some of the texts have been introduced into scientific circulation for the first time. "Secret" songs are most often a work of female creativity. Siberian songs are another genre designation for songs of this period (1943-1957). In this article, the term "hidden", which exists in other folklore traditions, is introduced for the first time. Some of the lyrics of the Siberian period refer to songs - laments. Many modern folklore scholars should seek the opportunity to thoroughly analyze and introduce the songs of the Siberian cycle in scientific discourse, since such songs are a phenomenon in the folklore of the Mongols. The article aimed to introduce Siberian songs of exile recorded from different performers into scientific discourse, as well as to study the poetics of this cycle.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-72-80

    pdf 72-80.pdf  (651 Kb)

  • Mandzhieva B.B.
    The plot of "Songs about the victory of Burkhan Boro Mangna, the son of Zayat Aldar Khan, over Desh Mangna Khan" in the epic repertoire of Oirat Jangarchi Javin Juna

    The article deals with the plot of “Songs about the victory of Burkhan Boro Mangna, the son of Zayat Aldar Khan, over Dyosh Mangna Khan” in the epic repertoire of the Oirat jangarchi Javin Jun. The plot of the song is a single chain, consisting of separate completed episodes and motifs. The main idea of the song-poem is the glorification of the bravery of the hero, protecting his country from the encroachments of the powerful antagonist khan. The author analyzes the conflict situation of the plot, which determines the choice of the hero who decides to go into battle. The culmination of the song is the battle of the Dzhangar hero Burkhan Boro Mangna and the antagonist Khan Desh Mangna. In the battle, the hero achieves the goal - he destroys Desh Mangna Khan. The song ends with the return of the hero Boro Mangna to his homeland, the migration of the people of the Dyosh Mangna khanate to Bumba and a feast in the palace of Khan Dzhangar in honor of the victory over a formidable and powerful enemy.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-81-88

    pdf 81-88.pdf  (625 Kb)

  • Unarokova R.B., Tseeva Z.A.
    Heroic songs of the Circassians: the image of a perfect hero

    The article deals with the heroic songs existing mainly in the Western Adyghe local tradition (Republic of Adygea) and the Turkish diaspora. The authors analyze the general criterion for the image of an ideal hero. Quantitative indicators of cliched formulas and their relation to the objects of songs are determined. Means of figurative language such as epithets and complex definitions in the form of a tirade are distinguished. The results can be used in the studies related to the pragmatics of folklore, as well as in the study of the language in different genres.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-89-98

    pdf 89-98.pdf  (551 Kb)


  • Bessonova L.P.
    Love and hate in the outbreak of Revolution and Civil War (philosophical aspect of I. E. Babel's «Konarmiya»)

    The article deals with the issues of comprehension of the author's idea when depicting the events of revolution and the civil war in the cycle of stories by I.E. Babel "Konarmiya”. It is done through the prism of philosophical concepts based on such moral categories as love and hate, mercy and cruelty. The main techniques and details that identify the author's position in the literary and political polemics of the 20s of the XX century are determined. It is concluded that the writers, despite the challenges in the historical periods of the country, rose above political problems and turned to universal issues. The relevance of this research is based on the expansion of literary and historical knowledge of Babel's work from the point of view of the problematic and ideological meaning of his book «Konarmiya».

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-15-22

    pdf 15-22.pdf  (529 Kb)

  • Golovko V.M.
    «The most peculiar of the Caucasus ethnicities is the Circassian one…»: V. V. Izmaylov’s «Journey to the midday Russia» in the paradigm of modern imagology

    The paper examines the interpretation of the opposition "own-strange" in the social and cultural life and «political phenomena» of the Circassians in the system of imagological analysis in "Journey to the Midday Russia" (1800-1802) by the sentimentalist writer V. V. Izmailov. The ar-ticle proves that this foreign image is recreated through the educational attitude of the author, who sees it necessary to integrate the essential qualities of "the man of nature" and a "civilized man". The author reveals reception of the ideas of Rousseauism as a phenomenon of the 18th century European Enlightenment, associated with the actualization of the problems of the Russian historical development after Peter the Great. This is manifested in the interpretation / imagological image of the Adyghes, created as a result of the identification of the ethnotype and ethno-cultural way, as well as the national image of the world. It is shown that the imagotype and imageme represent those imagotypic structures and mental models that form the basis for the image of the attractiveness of the "Other" in this work.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-23-35

    pdf 23-35.pdf  (629 Kb)

  • Khavzhokova L.B.
    Poetics of Ruslan Atskanov's sonnets: tradition and innovation

    The article examines the sonnets of the Kabardian poet Ruslan Atskanov. The main attention is paid to the poetics of sonnets in order to establish their accordance/discordance with the genre. The authors investigate the main motive lines as well as the figurative and metric-rhyming systems. Individual sonnets created according to English, Italian and French forms are subjected to a detailed analysis. The study assesses the level of artistic mastery of the poet, shown during the development of these genre forms. R. Atskanov’s extensive sonnetary, presented in four author’s poetry collections – “Ventilation” (2003), “Into the Circle” (2009), “After the Rain” (2014), “House in the Clouds” (2020) is presented as the material of the study. Based on the results obtained, the poet's contribution to the development of the "solid" form of the sonnet, the formation and evolution of the genre in Kabardian poetry is determined. The results of the study can be used in studying the history of Adyghe (Adyghe, Kabardian, Circassian) literature, recreating a complete picture of the evolution of the sonnet genre in national poetry, as well as in writing qualifying and other kinds of research papers.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-36-45

    pdf 36-45.pdf  (708 Kb)

  • Shishkhova N.M., Ankudinov K.N.
    Contexts of semantics and phonosemantics: gardens, flowers and col-ors in the works of Alexander Blok and Viktor Sosnora

    The article examines semantic conformance in the poetic work of Alexander Blok (based of the poems "Night Violet" and "Nightingale Garden") and Viktor Sosnora (the poem "Red Gar-den"). The phonosemantic method that examines color values in texts is a priority. It allows to contextualize various models of "romantic text" in accordance with the characteristics of the au-thor's personality. Special attention is paid to the theme of the "wonderful garden" in the poetry of A. Blok and V. Sosnora. The author shows the discordance of the author's optics in the translation of the romantic conflict by the narrators with the permanence of the main elements of the conflict, predetermined by the archetypes of the "romantic text" in the cultural meta-space.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-46-57

    pdf 46-57.pdf  (553 Kb)


  • Meretukova M.M., Beshukova F.B.
    Personification in the works of E.T.A. Hoffmann, H.Ch. Andersen and Ch. Dickens: comparative and typological analysis

    The article provides a comparative and typological analysis of the personification in the European literature of the 19th century (Ch. Dickens, E.T.A. Hoffmann, H.Ch. Andersen). Particular attention is paid to the "small world" - the world of basic things, to which Hoffmann, Andersen and Dickens pay attention in their works. It is at the level of the "small world" that the characteristic features of personification are distinguished and described, thanks to which the writers manage to show a close relationship between inanimate objects and a person, and it is at the level of the "small world" that we can talk about the similarity of individual images and motives in the works of the authors.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-58-63

    pdf 58-63.pdf  (508 Kb)

  • Panesh U.M.
    The national multinational art of the word as an artistic and aesthetic phenomenon of the literary epoch of the XX century (boundaries, historical coordinates, principles of periodization)

    The paper investigates the issues of formation and development of the national art of the word as a phenomenon reflecting the peculiarities of the literary epoch of the XX century. The study examines various ways of the classification of the ideological and artistic process, as well as the boundaries of the macrocycle and the principles of its periodization. The authors analyze various factors that influenced the artistic and aesthetic development of multinational literature and determined both its typological and Russian features.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-64-71

    pdf 64-71.pdf  (517 Kb)


  • Bagirokov K.Z., Pshizova A.K.
    Representation of the author's language consciousness in translingual discourse and code-switching

    In this study the authors consider the possibility of representing the author's language consciousness in translingual discursive practices in code-switching that represents the axiological foundations of the ethnos. The study aims to explain that the translingual creative process is a speech-cogitative activity with homogeneous and heterogeneous languages influencing each other as two languages and two cultures collide in the author's language consciousness. The authors de-scribe the empirical material, which is based on the poorly studied fields of contact and distant linguistics. That is code-switching in artistic bilingual creative activity, characterized by an un-formed conceptual apparatus that passes specification in linguistic science. The study analyzes mechanisms and pragmastylistic functions of code-switching, which require multi-paradigm scientific research in the translingual artistic communication. Based on the analysis, the authors sum-marize new material on the topic.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312- 99-106

    pdf 99-106.pdf  (633 Kb)

  • Danieva A.S.
    Chechen woman Petimat in S. S. Baduev's individual-author's worldview: translation of gender symbols

    The study aims to investigate gender symbols that represent the national and cultural markers of the Chechen woman Petimat, characterizing the parameters of identity affected by bilingualism. The authors describe national and cultural parameters of the "feminine" Chechen woman such as sophistication, decency, intelligence, "Caucasian" mental axiology as well as wear-ing clothes and headdress, her behavior and the ability to think "above the conflict", which characterize relationships approved by traditions, adats, ethical and aesthetic norms of Chechen society.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-107-117

    pdf 107-117.pdf  (571 Kb)

  • Osipov G.A.
    On the prospects of corpus research and the practice of its application in linguistics

    The study aims to analyze main fields of modern corpus research and their application in modern linguistics and philology. The fundamentals of corpus linguistics in the framework of domestic and foreign linguistics are described. The study provides classification of linguistic corpora of various types and a review of their tools. The problems of analyzing an array of text data and individual text corpora are considered. The study carries out statistical analysis of the volume of publications in scientometric databases. The prospects of corpus methods in modern language studies have been summarized.

    doi: 10.53598/2410-3489-2023-1-312-118-124

    pdf 118-124.pdf  (537 Kb)